It is the only festival in the world which celebrates "womanhood" and "menstruation".It is believed that the mother Goddess Earth or the divine wife of Lord Vishnu undergoes menstruation during the first three days. The fourth day is called as Vasumati gadhua or ceremonial bath of Bhudevi. The term Raja has come from Rajaswala (meaning a menstruating woman) and during medieval period the festival became more popular as an agricultural holiday remarking the worship of Bhudevi, who is the wife of lord Jagannath. A silver idol of Bhudevi is still found in Puri Temple aside Lord Jagannatha. For these three days we odias don't do any kind of agricultural activity like ploughing or showing as mother earth expected to be going through rejuvenation. The first day is called "Pahili raja", second day is "Mithuna Sankrati" and the third day "Bhu daha" or "Basi raja". During the three days women are given a break from household work and time to play indoor games. Girls adorn traditional saree and apply alatha on foot. All people abstain from walking barefoot on earth. Generally various pithas among podo-pitha and chakuli Pitha. People play a lot of indoor and outdoor games. Girls reach on to swings and hammocks, women also play cards and Ludo. Villages have Kabbadi matches for young men.
It was an enriching experience for us to witness both city and rural aspect of this festival.